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Regular verbs conjugation in the present tense

Regular verbs conjugation in the present tense

In German, regular verb conjugation in the present tense involves adding different endings to the stem of the verb, depending on the subject pronoun. The stem of the verb remains unchanged throughout the conjugation. Here is the conjugation of a regular verb, "lernen" (to learn), in the present tense:

Subject PronounConjugationEnglish Translation
IchIch lerneI learn
DuDu lernstYou learn (singular, informal)
Er/Sie/EsEr/Sie/Es lerntHe/She/It learns
WirWir lernenWe learn
IhrIhr lerntYou learn (plural, informal)
SieSie lernenThey learn (formal and informal)

As you can see, the endings added to the stem are "-e" for the first person singular (ich), "-st" for the second person singular (du), "-t" for the third person singular (er/sie/es), "-en" for the first person plural (wir), "-t" for the second person plural (ihr), and "-en" for the third person plural (sie, both formal and informal).

It's important to note that there are also irregular verbs in German, which do not follow this pattern of regular verb conjugation in the present tense. These verbs have their own unique conjugation patterns that must be memorized.

Few more examples:

Subject PronounConjugationEnglish Translation
IchIch spieleI play
DuDu spielstYou play (singular, informal)
Er/Sie/EsEr/Sie/Es spieltHe/She/It plays
WirWir spielenWe play
IhrIhr spieltYou play (plural, informal)
SieSie spielenThey play (formal and informal)

Subject PronounConjugationEnglish Translation
IchIch kaufeI buy
DuDu kaufstYou buy (singular, informal)
Er/Sie/EsEr/Sie/Es kauftHe/She/It buys
WirWir kaufenWe buy
IhrIhr kauftYou buy (plural, informal)
SieSie kaufenThey buy (formal and informal)

Now, learn irregular verbs